Allergic Rhinitis in Children
Infant allergic rhinitis is a common disease. Although not as dangerous as other diseases, it is easy to repeat and cause discomfort to children. Prolonged exposure may lead to dangerous complications. Mothers need to learn carefully as well as take timely remedies to protect the normal development of children.
What is allergic rhinitis in newborns?
Infant allergic rhinitis is an allergic condition caused by agents both inside and outside the body that cause the mucosa to become inflamed. When the child is inflamed, he or she will see itchy nose, swelling, runny nose often. If not treated in time, it is easy to lead to complications affecting the bronchi, sore throat, ear infections.
There are two common types of allergic rhinitis: cyclic allergic rhinitis and non-cyclical allergic rhinitis.
Periodic allergic rhinitis: The disease occurs when the weather changes, especially at the time of season. Especially in the spring, at the time of blooming, there are many pollen children breathe in easily leading to rhinitis.
Non-cyclical allergic rhinitis: The disease often recurs all year round if faced with an adverse environment. Children can get rhinitis from exposure to polluted air, smog, and cold early in the morning when the wind is cold or the weather changes erratically during the day.
Causes of allergic rhinitis in newborns
There are two main causes of atopic rhinitis in infants, which are external and internal (inherited).
External causes: The environment has the most impact on the health of young children. Children are susceptible to allergies when exposed to dirt, pet hair, pollen, wet environments or when the weather changes. The child’s body will produce antibodies that help fight against environmental negative factors, causing allergic rhinitis.
Internal cause: Children who are at risk of developing allergies are more affected than normal children. Because not all children are allergic when exposed to dust, pollen, pet hair or weather changes.
Genetic factors are also the cause of common allergic rhinitis in infants.
Manifestations of allergic rhinitis in newborns
When allergic rhinitis, children will have obvious signs such as:
- Runny nose
- Itchy nose, throat, eyes and ears
- Red nose cavity, inflammation, …
Children with allergic rhinitis all year round also have more severe symptoms such as:
- Ear infection
- Severe nasal congestion
Although these manifestations do not affect the lives of children, it makes them uncomfortable, fussy, affect the normal development of children.
Treatments for allergic rhinitis in newborns
When children show signs of allergic rhinitis , the mother should take her to visit prestigious clinics on ear, nose and throat to have reasonable treatment. The following are common treatments for allergic rhinitis in infants.
Depending on the health, weight of each baby, the doctor has its own treatment regimen. Absolutely not arbitrarily buy, use drugs for children to avoid unfortunate situations.
Usually the drug is allowed for use in children such as:
- Nasal sprays
- Medication for asthma symptoms
In which antihistamines are allergy medicine such as clorpheniramine, loratadine, cetirizin support to relieve symptoms of nasal itching, runny nose, tears for children. Based on the month of birth, the age of the child, the doctor will use the drug in the appropriate dosage.
Treatment at home
When children have mild symptoms such as runny nose, wheezing and breathing, we can use physiological saline solution (NaCl 0.9%), nasal drops for children to wash their children’s nose often.
Here are 3 small steps for babies mothers can apply at home:
- Step 1: Put your child on his or her side in bed, with a thin, low towel, not too high. Adding a towel to your neck prevents salt water from flowing out.
- Step 2: Conduct a small nose for children. Put the tip of the medication close to the child’s nose, apply 1-2 drops and wait for the nasal solution to thin. Use a cotton swab to absorb the fluid inside the child’s nose. Do each side until nose is clean.
- Step 3: Finally, wipe down the baby’s nose with a soft towel.
If there is still mucus in the nose of the baby, the mother can perform the above operation again but be absolutely gentle. Limiting the strong impact causing damage to baby’s nasal cavity.
To be safer in the treatment of allergic rhinitis for infants, mothers should combine treatment at home and give your baby medication as directed by the doctor. Do not apply folk remedies without scientific evidence can make the disease worse.
How to prevent allergic rhinitis for infants
To prevent allergic rhinitis for infants, we should be proactive in creating a comfortable living environment for children.
- Clean exposed children, keep the house well ventilated, clean, and prevent mold from growing.
- Do not keep dogs, cats, pet allergens for children.
- Limit flowers around the house to prevent pollens from being polluted by children.
- Bathe, change clean clothes often for children to avoid the causes of rhinitis sticking to clothes, limbs.
- Give children plenty of water, eat lots of green vegetables, fresh fruits, and vitamins needed for development.
- When the weather changes, mothers should pay attention to the way children dress, do not wear too thick in the hot season, so keep the baby’s body warm when it is cold.
- Every day you can use physiological saline to wash your baby’s nose, or when going from outside to prevent dirt from settling in the nasal cavity.
Allergic rhinitis greatly affects the quality of life and activities of children. We should not be subjective with disease symptoms as well as need timely interventions to avoid deterioration. Above is the share of allergic rhinitis in infants, hoping to benefit mothers during the process of raising children